Mawlamyine is the capital of Mon state and third largest city of Myanmar which also known as Moulmein. Situated 300 km south east of Yangon and 70 km south of Thaton, at the mouth of Thanlwin (Salween) river. Mawlamyine experiences a tropical climate with a lower humidity than in most parts of South East Asia. Its temperature averages between 25.6o C during January, its coolest month to 29.4o C in April, its hottest month. The rainy season is between June and October although the greatest rainfalls usually occur in July and August. The average annual rainfall in Mawlamyine is 190 inches. The population of Mon State is 3 million and consists mainly of Mon and Myanmar. It has a main railway station which communicates with the Burmese capital in the north and Southern. The old Death railway is also a diverted route from Mawlamyine at the town of Thanbyuzayat.